Living Environments for People with Moderate to Severe Acquired Brain Injury
From: Healthcare Policy, 5(4) 2010: e120-e138
Authors: Angela Colantonio, Dana Howse, Bonnie Kirsh, Teresa Chiu, Rachel Zulia and Charissa Levy
Objective: This study examines the issue of living environments for persons with acquired brain injury (ABI), with the aim of identifying factors that enable or act as barriers to appropriate living environments.
Method: A qualitative study involving 31 semi-structured interviews conducted with 56 key informants representing various relevant sectors: institutional, community, residential and non-residential, consumer/advocacy and government/policy from six regions in the province of Ontario, Canada.
Results: The study identified such barriers as lack of ABI-specific facilities, beds and trained staff and a poorly coordinated system in many areas, with long wait lists for specialized residential settings. Clients with ABI need individualized treatment, making development of a standardized model of care difficult, particularly for those with co-morbid conditions. Solutions such as more flexible options for clients and better trained staff emerged.
Conclusions: The study presents solutions to challenges and limitations in addressing appropriate living environments for persons with ABI.